Parents and kids will be bundling up before heading out the door because of expected cold temperatures.

Your child's heavy coat is great on the playground, but not in the car.

"If you've got a kid in a heavy coat maybe take the coat off once they're inside the car,” said Bruce Frazier with the Dalton Police Department, “You can put a blanket over them once they're in the car seat."

Before you put a child in a car seat, you should take off any thick jackets so the restraints work properly. A bulky coat could lead to injury in a crash.

"If you take that coat, just squeeze it and feel how easily it squeezes in your hands,” explained Frazier, “That's what's going to happen in the event of an impact."

The American Academy of Pediatrics states if you can pinch your child's car seat straps up there is too much room.

The organization has a few tips to help keep kids warm while the car warms up:

Store the carrier portion of infant seats inside the house when not in use. Keeping the seat at room temperature will reduce the loss of the child's body heat in the car.

Get an early start. If you're planning to head out the door with your baby in tow on winter mornings, you need an early start. You have a lot to assemble, and your baby may not be the most cooperative. Plus, driving in wintry conditions will require you to slow down and be extra cautious.

Dress your child in thin layers. Start with close-fitting layers on the bottom, like tights, leggings, and long-sleeved bodysuits. Then add pants and a warmer top, like a sweater or thermal-knit shirt. Your child can wear a thin fleece jacket over the top. In very cold weather, long underwear is also a warm and safe layering option. As a general rule of thumb, infants should wear one more layer than adults. If you have a hat and a coat on, your infant will probably need a hat, coat, and blanket.

Don't forget hats, mittens, and socks or booties. These help keep kids warm without interfering with car seat straps. If your child is a thumb sucker, consider half-gloves with open fingers or keep an extra pair or two of mittens handy — once they get wet they'll make your child colder rather than warmer.

Tighten the straps of the car seat harness. Even if your child looks snugly bundled up in the car seat, multiple layers may make it difficult to tighten the harness enough. If you can pinch the straps of the car seat harness, then it needs to be tightened to fit snugly against your child's chest. See image right. ?

Use a coat or blanket over the straps. You can add a blanket over the top of the harness straps or put your child's winter coat on backwards (over the buckled harness straps) after he or she is buckled up. Some parents prefer products such as poncho-style coats or jackets that zip down the sides so the back can flip forward over the harness. Keep in mind that the top layer should be removable so your baby doesn't get too hot after the car warms up.

Use a car seat cover ONLY if it does not have a layer under the baby. Nothing should ever go underneath your child's body or between her body and the harness straps. Be sure to leave baby's face uncovered to avoid trapped air and re-breathing. Many retailers carry car seat bundling products that are not safe to use in a car seat. Just because it's on the shelf at the store does not mean it is safe!

Remember, if the item did not come with the car seat, it has not been crash tested and may interfere with the protection provided in a crash. Never use sleeping bag inserts or other stroller accessories in the car seat.

Pack an emergency bag for your car. Keep extra blankets, dry clothing, hats and gloves, and non-perishable snacks in your car in case of an on-road emergency or your child gets wet on a winter outing.

"You want your baby to stay as close to that seat as possible and that's why you tighten the straps down. If you're tightening the straps down over the top of that coat it's going to affect the way that seat fits," explained Frazier.

Along with those tips, you should also make sure you never leave your car running to warm up without someone in it. And if there is ice on the windshield, clean off your entire windshield before driving off. not just a small portion of it.