Tennessee has the fifth highest rate of women murdered by men in the country with a rate of 1.91 per 100,000, according to a new study.

The Violence Policy Center (VPC) released their study, When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2016 Homicide Data, Tuesday. The VPC used data from the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Report to determine where each state would rank. 

The study looks into homicides involving one female victim and one male suspect.

"The study calculates the rate of women murdered by men by dividing the total number of females murdered by males in single victim/single offender incidents by the total female population and multiplying the result by 100,000," a VPC spokesperson explained.

Across the United States, the study found that more than 1,800 women were murdered by men in 2016. 93 percent of those women were killed by a man they knew, and a gun was the most common weapon used.

VPC Legislative Director Kristen Rand stated, “The study shows that women are most likely to be murdered by a man they know with a gun, and that all too often that man is an intimate partner. The study highlights the importance of renewing the Violence Against Women Act, which would expand resources devoted to keeping guns out of the hands of abusers.”

This is the ninth year in a row that Tennessee has ranked in the top 10. The only states with higher rates are Alaska, Louisiana, Nevada and Arkansas, according to the study.

Since the VPC began publishing the study 21 years ago, the nationwide rate of women murdered by men has dropped 24 percent. In 1996, the rate was 1.57 per 100,000, while in 2016, it was 1.20 per 100,000.

"However, since reaching a low of 1.08 in 2014, the rate has increased in each of the last two years, with 2016’s rate of 1.20 per 100,000 up 11 percent since 2014," a VPC spokesperson explained.

Here are some additional findings from the study:

  • Nationwide, 1,809 females were murdered by males in single victim/single offender incidents in 2016, at a rate of 1.20 per 100,000. Of the 1,809 female homicide victims, 1,188 were white, 517 were black, 55 were Asian or Pacific Islander, 26 were American Indian or Alaskan Native, and in 23 cases the race of the victim was not identified.
  • Nine out of 10 victims knew their offenders. Of the victims who knew their offenders, 63 percent were wives or other intimate acquaintances of their killers. Thirteen times as many females were murdered by a male they knew than were killed by male strangers.
  • Black women are disproportionately impacted by lethal domestic violence. In 2016, black females were murdered by men at a rate of 2.62 per 100,000, more than twice the rate of 1.03 per 100,000 for white women murdered by men.
  • Firearms were the weapons most commonly used by males to murder females in 2016. Nationwide, for homicides in which the weapon used could be identified, 56 percent of female victims were shot and killed with a gun. Of the homicides committed with guns, 66 percent were killed with handguns.
  • The overwhelming majority of these homicides were not related to any other felony crime, such as rape or robbery. Nationwide, for homicides in which the circumstances could be identified, 82 percent of the homicides were not related to the commission of another felony. Most often, females were killed by males in the course of an argument between the victim and the offender.